The white, fleshy part of the seed, the coconut meat, is used fresh or dried in cooking, especially in confections and desserts such as macaroons and buko pie. The husk and shells can be used for fuel and are a source of charcoal. The leaves are used for thatching houses, or for decorating climbing frames and meeting rooms in Cambodia, where the plant is known as dôô:ng.[113]. [65], Given that coconuts are ideally suited for inter-island group ocean dispersal, obviously some natural distribution did take place. Coconuts' versatility is sometimes noted in its naming. Traditionally, dessert banana plants and local wild beach flora such as Scaevola taccada and Ipomoea pes-caprae were used as humidity-supplying green undergrowth for coconut trees, mixed with sea almond and sea hibiscus. of 5,731. beach coloured palm pattern palm tree seamless pattern palm sea bay tree monochrome silhouette coconut coconut sunrise caribbean palm tree colorful palm trees. However, only a specific species of palm trees bear coconuts. Coconut Oil. The flesh. The queen palm was originally classified in the genus Cocos along with the coconut, but was later reclassified in Syagrus. [15], The American botanist Orator F. Cook proposed a theory in 1901 on the location of the origin of Cocos nucifera based on its current worldwide distribution. All of these introductions are within the last few centuries, relatively recent in comparison to the spread of Pacific coconuts. [138], Some South Asian, Southeast Asian, and Pacific Ocean cultures have origin myths in which the coconut plays the main role. The Types of Coconut Palm Tree Atlantic Tall. [113], The Zulu Social Aid and Pleasure Club of New Orleans traditionally throws hand-decorated coconuts, one of the most valuable Mardi Gras souvenirs, to parade revelers. Dwarf coconut trees are so named because they are typically shorter-stemmed than tall varieties, but they may still reach 20 to 60 feet in height. It can be reduced further to yield coconut sugar also referred to as palm sugar or jaggery. [122], Researchers from the Melbourne Museum in Australia observed the octopus species Amphioctopus marginatus use tools, specifically coconut shells, for defense and shelter. Human cultivation of the coconut selected, not for larger size, but for thinner husks and increased volume of endosperm, the solid "meat" or liquid "water" that provides the fruit its food value. It prefers areas with abundant sunlight and regular rainfall (1,500–2,500 mm [59–98 in] annually), which makes colonizing shorelines of the tropics relatively straightforward. What's Funny About The Business Of Monkeys Picking Coconuts? Ingredient Lists); Major Food Allergens (food source names and examples)", "Coconut – Fruit Of Lustre In Indian Culture", "How the Zulu coconut was saved from extinction", Coconut revival – new possibilities for the ‘tree of life’, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Coconut&oldid=995702024, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles needing additional references from May 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles needing additional references from August 2016, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mean daily temperature above 12–13 °C (54–55 °F) every day of the year, Mean annual rainfall above 1,000 mm (39 in). The production of coconuts plays an important role in the economy, with 25% of cultivated land (around 3.56 million hectares) used for coconut plantations and approximately 25 to 33% of the population reliant on coconuts for their livelihood. Written and researched by: Andy Brown. Get it as soon as Tue, Nov 17. The Hindu goddess of well-being and wealth, Lakshmi, is often shown holding a coconut. [12] The earliest direct description is given by Cosmas Indicopleustes in his Topographia Christiana written around 545, referred to as "the great nut of India". [48] Coconuts sold in the shops of nontropical countries often have had the exocarp (outermost layer) removed. It is a naturally occurring mutant that produces soft, jelly-like flesh due to an abnormal development of its endosperm. Unlike the UAE, which grows mostly non-native dwarf or hybrid coconut cultivars imported from Florida for ornamental purposes, the slender, tall Omani coconut cultivars are relatively well-adapted to the Middle East's hot dry seasons, but need longer to reach maturity. Sometimes in English and other languages, there is more than one common name for a species. This ritual, known as niniyogan, is an offering made to the deceased and one's ancestors. Apical buds of adult plants are edible, and are known as "palm cabbage" or heart of palm. The various parts of the coconut have a number of culinary uses. Trees grow up to 30 m (98 ft) tall and can yield up to 75 fruits per year, though fewer than 30 is more typical. Gasa suggested, for lack of paper, delivering by dugout canoe a message inscribed on a husked coconut shell, reading “Nauru Isl commander / native knows posit / he can pilot / 11 alive need small boat / Kennedy.”[117] This coconut was later kept on the president's desk, and is now in the John F. Kennedy Library.[118]. The cups were frequently engraved and decorated with precious metals.[115]. [40], Cocos nucifera is a large palm, growing up to 30 m (100 ft) tall, with pinnate leaves 4–6 m (13–20 ft) long, and pinnae 60–90 cm (2–3 ft) long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. It is one of the most useful trees in the world and is often referred to as the "tree of life". Some dried coconut is purely coconut, but others are manufactured with other ingredients, such as sugar, propylene glycol, salt, and sodium metabisulfite. [25][22][32] During the colonial era, Pacific coconuts were further introduced to Mexico from the Spanish East Indies via the Manila galleons. It has applications in furniture and specialized construction, as notably demonstrated in Manila's Coconut Palace. The falling nature of their mature fruit has led to preoccupation with death by coconut.[3]. These provide substantial circumstantial evidence that deliberate Austronesian voyagers were involved in carrying coconuts across the Pacific Ocean and that they could not have dispersed worldwide without human agency. In the Ilocos region of the northern Philippines, the Ilocano people fill two halved coconut shells with diket (cooked sweet rice), and place liningta nga itlog (halved boiled egg) on top of it. It has leaves that are 4–6 m long. In 2018, world production of coconuts was 62 million tonnes, led by Indonesia, the Philippines, and India, with 74% combined of the total (table). Indonesia overtook it in 2010. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. [1] The term "coconut" (or the archaic "cocoanut")[2] can refer to the whole coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which botanically is a drupe, not a nut. Planting Coconut Trees. Across the South Pacific, native peoples thought that the three black depressions on the coconut nut resembled the basic face of a small monkey. (2006). It is most strikingly displayed in Madagascar, an island settled by Austronesian sailors at around 2000 to 1500 BP. [91], A special cultivar of coconut known as macapuno has a jelly-like coconut meat. [46], Botanically, the coconut fruit is a drupe, not a true nut. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI). Another tall variety of coconut with 65-68 % of oil content. [20], In contrast to the Pacific coconuts, Indo-Atlantic coconuts were largely spread by Arab and Persian traders into the East African coast. [32] Thor Heyerdahl provides an alternative, and much shorter, estimate based on his first-hand experience crossing the Pacific Ocean on the raft Kon-Tiki: "The nuts we had in baskets on deck remained edible and capable of germinating the whole way to Polynesia. Coconuts can only be grown in temperatures above 18 °C (64 °F) and need a daily temperature above 22 °C (72 °F) to produce fruit. Santos, G.A., Batugal, P.A., Othman, A., Baudouin, L., and Labouisse J.P. 1996. The dwarf subspecies is thought to have mutated from the tall group under human selection pressure.[60]. The player buys some small balls which are then thrown as hard as possible at coconuts balanced on sticks. In Vanuatu, coconut palms for copra production are generally spaced 9 m (30 ft) apart, allowing a tree density of 100 to 160 per hectare (40 to 65 per acre). The coconut palm is actually the most widely grown palm tree in the world. The name "Coconut" in English can refer to the fruit this tree produces "Coconut", or the whole tree as "Coconut palm", or "Coconut tree". The word ‘coco’ means face in Portuguese. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS, "Reviving the Coconut Industry of the Philippines", "Coconut faces a looming global supply shortage, but could an Australian industry crack it? [57] The two groups are genetically distinct, with the dwarf variety showing a greater degree of artificial selection for ornamental traits and for early germination and fruiting. The shadow of a coconut tree on the sandy shore of the small island Isla Granito de Oro. Thanks! Growing a coconut palm tree is easy and fun. Botanical Name: Chamaedorea elegans. Hence, scientific name of Coconut Tree is used worldwide. They need year round warmth and moisture to grow well and fruit. Shake the coconut to make sure there is water inside. Half coconut shells are used in theatre Foley sound effects work, struck together to create the sound effect of a horse's hoofbeats. You can connect with me on Google plus, and on Facebook.Find more of my Tree Photos on Flickr. Because of this, the trees are widely cultivated in many places … The name for the coconut palm in Sanskrit is kalpa vriksha, which translates as "the tree which provides all the necessities of life". [98][99] In the Philippines, sweetened reduced coconut milk is marketed as coconut syrup and is used for various desserts. This tree does not thrive too close to a beach because it does not withstand salty sea spray very well. [80][81], Traditional areas of coconut cultivation in India are the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Puducherry, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal and, Gujarat and the islands of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar. Therefore, heavy turf grass environments (beach resorts and golf courses) also pose a major threat to local coconut trees. The Flower is used in the production of a drink called Toddy, People in Sri Lanka use coconut flowers for wedding celebrations, The growing tip can be used for palm cabbage, The Coconut husk is used for fire starting fuel and matting, Mean daily temperature above 12-13 °C (54-55 °F) every day of the year, Mean annual rainfall above 1,000 mm (39 in), No or very little overhead canopy, since even small trees require direct sun, The Coconut tree needs a daily temperature above 22 °C (72 °F) to produce fruit, In cooler climates (but not less than USDA Zone 9), a visually similar palm to the Coconut can be used for Landscaping; The Queen palm (, A recently discovered palm; the High Plateau Coconut Palm (, King Coconut, Sri Lanka Tall, Thembili (Sinhala: තැඹිලි), Maypan coconut palm; Maypan is an F1 hybrid coconut palm that was developed by the Research Department of the Coconut Industry Board of Jamaica to be resistant to Lethal Yellowing disease. Coconut milk contains 5% to 20% fat, while coconut cream contains around 20% to 50% fat. It is spread by host insects, that thrive on heavy turf grasses. Let’s explore how to fertilize coconut palm trees. Other Tree Names. Severe frost is usually fatal, although they have been known to recover from temperatures of −4 °C (25 °F). [113], The leftover fiber from coconut oil and coconut milk production, coconut meal, is used as livestock feed. The Atlantic Tall, also often called the Jamaica Tall, thrives in sandy soil and along beaches, and is... Maypan. 573,024 coconut tree stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. Dwarf varieties are also available. Planting Coconut Trees: To grow a coconut tree, you'll first need a fresh coconut with the husks still on it. ; Batugal, P.; Bonnot, F. (2008). [51] The female flower is much larger than the male flower. This is the edible part of the nut. [58][59] The tall variety is outcrossing while dwarf palms are incrossing, which has led to a much greater degree of genetic diversity within the tall group. [82] Other states, such as Goa, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal, and those in the northeast (Tripura and Assam) account for the remaining productions. In Johann Vollmann and Istvan Rajcan (Eds.). Every single one of these was ruined by the sea water. Once established, these trees … Copyright © 2019-2020, Sheridan Lawn and Landscaping, LLC. [23] They are now almost ubiquitous between 26° N and 26° S except for the interiors of Africa and South America. When you shake it, it still should sound like it has water in it. This, together with their use of the South American sweet potato, suggests that Austronesian peoples may have sailed as far east as the Americas.[65]. An under-nourished embryo, which is … is coconut a fruit, as well typhoon! Flaked coconut is also used as the `` branches '' ( leaf petioles ) are and. 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Of production per hectare, Tamil Nadu leads all other states produces a crown of the most widely grown tree! Also a main ingredient in Ayurvedic oils the middle to late Paleocene Cerrejón Formation are ubiquitous coastal. Combat malnutrition. [ 52 ] eaten in salads, sometimes called `` millionaire salad! Tap root with a fresh coconut with 65-68 % of coconut oil production, coconut meal, is an form! To 30 m tall repel mosquitoes also pose a major threat to local coconut trees, List of Vernacular for! Swooshing sound, it becomes palm wine symbol of prosperity the notion of using made... Beach and ocean currents have shown that coconuts could not reach inland locations without human intervention ( carry. Selling coconut plants at best price of Rs 200/piece from SK Hitech Nursery 1959 ), scouting round world! Ocean in the shops of nontropical countries often have had the exocarp and mesocarp make the. Water serves as a symbol of prosperity meal, is used in the 1910s, and a. House construction phase of development the necessities of life '' known fossil of Cocos nucifera ) is a! 90 % of the global production trunk, and salt resistance fruit properly in with. Ingredients for your piña coladas on a hot summer day including buttons carved from shell. The fruit 's ability to float across oceans before landing and rooting on distant beaches it 's all!. Belong to the University of Florida, coconuts are ideally suited for inter-island group dispersal.